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Faecal Sludge Management in Africa: Socioeconomic Aspects and Human and Environmental Health Implications

dc.contributorEcosystems Divisionen_US
dc.contributor.authorUnited Nations Environment Programmeen_US
dc.contributor.authorInternational Water Management Institute (IWMI)en_US
dc.coverage.spatialAfricaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-16T16:28:04Z
dc.date.available2020-11-16T16:28:04Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11822/34350
dc.descriptionThis publication aims to explore how current trends in faecal sludge management are impacting human and environmental health in Africa (both sub-Saharan and Northern Africa). Faecal sludge comes from on-site sanitation technologies in the form of raw or partially digested slurry or semi-solid material. Its management involves storage, collection, transport, treatment and safe end use or disposal. Some factors that make it difficult to manage sustainably include population growth and urbanization, over-reliance on financial aid for the construction of treatment plants, low revenue generation from users of treatment facilities, poor operation and maintenance, and inefficient institutional arrangements for faecal sludge management. Poor faecal sludge management poses major health, environmental and socioeconomic differential risks to men, women, boys and girls in Africa. Alongside poor sanitation, it contributes to the 115 deaths per hour from excreta-related diseases in Africa and huge economic losses. Some good practices along the sanitation value chain that have been reported in a few countries have the potential for replication in several other African countries. Overall, there is a need to invest in sanitation systems and mechanisms to improve faecal sludge management and direct investments to very poor households. In particular, bottlenecks in service delivery pathways require urgent attention.en_US
dc.formatTexten_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.rightsPublicen_US
dc.subjectFAECAL SLUDGEen_US
dc.subjectWASTEWATERen_US
dc.subjectSANITATIONen_US
dc.subjectSANITATION SERVICESen_US
dc.subjectWASTE TREATMENTen_US
dc.subjectWASTE COLLECTIONen_US
dc.subjectWASTE MANAGEMENTen_US
dc.subjectENVIRONMENTAL HEALTHen_US
dc.subjectHEALTHen_US
dc.subjectAFRICAen_US
dc.subjectWEST AFRICAen_US
dc.subjectEAST AFRICAen_US
dc.subjectWEST AFRICAen_US
dc.subjectSOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTSen_US
dc.titleFaecal Sludge Management in Africa: Socioeconomic Aspects and Human and Environmental Health Implicationsen_US
dc.typeReports, Books and Bookletsen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen_US
wd.identifier.sdgSDG 6 - Clean Water and Sanitationen_US
wd.topicsChemicals & wasteen_US
wd.identifier.pagesnumber47 p.en_US


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